Phishing is a threat vector. Crackers and other malicious individuals use this technique to deceive legitimate users and infrastructure owners. The overt misrepresentation is usually expertly packaged to look as though the source of the request for information is little more than a routine and genuine request information from the targeted user or network. Some of these threats arrive as email that ask for critical data (i.e. supposedly from a bank and requesting your account number). The target is generally directed toward an artfully designed but fraudulent web site.
Its Relevance: Unsuspecting computer users and infrastructure owners can easily be conned into believing that a message directing them to a web site is counterfeit and the "real thing". Extremely sensitive information can be unknowingly passed to identity thieves and crime syndicates.
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